LASIK surgery is a revolutionary procedure that allows people to see clearly without glasses or contacts. After a simple procedure that typically only takes a few minutes to perform, many patients are able to see with stunning clarity. However, LASIK surgery is not for everyone as it cannot cure all vision problems.
Common Vision Problems That Can Be Improved with LASIK
In Houston LASIK procedures are most often performed on individuals who are either nearsighted, farsighted and/or have astigmatism. A person suffering from nearsightedness can commonly see close objects clearly, but requires vision correction for distance. This is the person who can ordinarily read a book or work on a computer without glasses, but is required to have some kind of vision correction when driving a car. When a person is nearsighted, light is not properly reflected off of the retina, causing blurry vision. Some people are nearsighted as a result of eyeballs that are unusually long or a cornea that sits at too steep of an angle. LASIK surgery for such a condition focuses on reshaping the cornea to change the way that light reflects in the eye.
Farsightedness is another common condition for which people may have a LASIK procedure performed. When a person is farsighted, they may have excellent distance vision, but have difficulty trying to read a map in the car or a menu at a restaurant. The culprit in this condition is the shape of the cornea, which causes light to refract improperly. Again, LASIK surgery works to change the shape of the cornea, improving appropriate light refraction.
People whose cornea is shaped more oval than round generally suffer from a condition known as astigmatism. Astigmatism can cause a comprehensive blurriness of vision, but many people who have this condition are also either nearsighted or farsighted. In Houston LASIK procedures can treat both astigmatism and another vision problem in just one procedure.
Less Common Vision Impairments that May Be Treated by LASIK
Presbyopia affects everyone as they age. The eyes’ lenses lose their elasticity over the years. As a result, most adults over the age of 45 experience some degree of this malady. Presbyopia is the reason that so many people must use reading glasses as they get older. Essentially, this condition makes it difficult to focus on objects that are close at hand. Some doctors who specialize in LASIK surgery are developing treatments for presbyopia in which one eye is corrected for close up vision and the other eye is corrected for distance vision. LASIK treatments for this condition are not as common as those for nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism, but as technology improves, it is likely that these procedures will become more prevalent.
Successful LASIK surgery can significantly change the patient’s life. For most patients, after just one procedure, they are able to read, drive, go to movies, play golf, swim and exercise without having to worry about wearing glasses or contacts. Most see improvement directly after the surgery is performed and experience only a minimum of downtime. Because LASIK surgical procedures have been utilized successfully on people with common vision impairments like nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism, it is one of the most well known and respected eye care treatments available.
To find out more about LASIK surgery, schedule a consultation with the experienced surgeons at Berkeley Eye Center today.